Types of Casting Materials
A good number of people are now going for substances that have been shaped in a specific way using mold. This is basically casting. You will learn that there are various metals that can be used in casting. These materials have been used for the longest period of time. You will learn that these materials are mostly used in industrial applications. Some of the most common ones include the following.
There is the iron casting. This can either be gray iron casting or ductile iron casting. Gray iron is what is mostly used in industrial manufacturing. They are defined by both their strength and versatility. This is what has contributed to its immense popularity within the market. There is actually no known challenge when it comes to testing its quality as well as machining it. All these can be done without using any destructive methods. Most of the times, they will be fashioned in a way that meets certain requirements. They can actually be applied in a number of ways. Such will often include items that need high strength to weight ratios. They are understood to be less expensive especially when they have been produced in large volumes. Ductile iron casting us usually preferred on processes that need more strength. It is better when you need something that has a higher wear resistance. It is even cheaper than gray iron castings.
Then there is the aluminum casting. Aluminum has a stronger and more superior versatility. It is quite an adaptable substance for anyone to work with. It actually has an improved level of corrosion resistance as well as better thermal conductivity abilities. This metal has great mechanical properties and strength even at high temperatures. It is for this reason that it is used for both die and permanent casting. It can also be used on lost foam casting. Steel has almost similar traits. It is great for use on parts that are mre likely to suffer from both high wear and tear. In most cases, steel is mixed with either iron or nickel so as to improve its heat resistance.
Copper is also great in metal casting. This is because of its great electrical conductivity. This is what makes it a favorite among industries that are looking to get electrical components. It has both excellent malleability and great ductility. It does conduct heat too very well. There are instances when it will be necessary for it to be mixed with zinc so that any internal cavity cannot be formed. You will note that zinc has a very low melting point too.